Title International Transfer : Building Service Engineering
Project Number DE/12/LLP-LdV/TOI/147547
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Building operators all over Europe are forced to reduce the operating costs of big buildings. This can only be reached if buildings are seen as complex technical systems and all aspects of planning, building and operating are considered.
A resulting field of activity is the Building Service Engineering (BSE) which is part of the facility management and focusses on the technical aspect of planning and operating buildings.
Main aim of the project is to find out current and future requirements in the new field of Building Service Engineering and to show competence requirements for future employees in a transparent and clear way. The project should enable each trainee of building service engineering to spend parts of his job training or his further education in a different European country.
All over Europe building operators are forced to reduce operating costs and to reduce CO2 emissions of a building. In order to reach these central objectives the central when operating buildings a building must be seen as a complex technical system; it needs a systemic approach where all aspects from building to operating must be considered. A resulting field of activity is the Building Service Engineering (BSE) that is of growing importance in Europe although there have been just a few training and further education facilities in BSE explicitly based on the systemic approach so far.
Therefore new qualification demands have to be fulfilled by the employees. The project is targeted at the empirical recording of these specific demands and to describe them competence-oriented. By this means the future job training and further education structures are supposed to be coordinated in a better way with the demands of the job market. Furthermore, the transfer of acquired competences should be promoted among the different European countries and the cooperation between the world of work and the VET-system will be intensified. Each trainee in the occupational filed of GST should be enabled to do parts of his job training in a different European country and it should be possible to acknowledge all acquired skills and competences as part of his training frameworks. Since BSE combines and reinforces qualifications of different existing jobs that require training on the basis of its systemic approach, there is a need to make acquired competences transparent and easy to describe for new vocational training profiles within the BSE. Thus the model of the Vocational Qualification Transfer System (VQTS) is transferred to the field of BSE. Job-related competences are described in learning units, already existing training profiles in Europe are made transparent. Each trainee in the occupational filed of BSE should be enabled to do parts of his job training in a different European country and it should be possible to acknowledge all acquired skills and competences as part of his training frameworks.
In this project IT:BSE a nationally as well as an internationally acknowledged competence matrix is set up. It is based on a competence outline and allows to show national education opportunities and the competence profiles of individuals in a comparable and transparent way. Together with the European partners the VQTS-Model, developed in the LdV pilot project VQTS (A/03/B/F/PP-158.034) is transferred to the occupational field of Building Service Engineering. On the one hand it was used to find out new competence requirements, on the other hand it will be used to increase the penetrability between the initial training and further education (on a national basis) and between the different vocational training systems in Europe.
For this reason job-related competences in the vocational field of Building Service Engineering have been realised with the help of an empirical investigation (questionnaires and interviews).
With the help of the investigation results a transparent description of the vocational field of Building Service Engineering (VQTS-Matrix) was realised. Each competence area is differentiated in different competence development steps from "beginner" to "experienced skilled worker". Within the current competence areas about two to six steps of the competence development process has been described. These competence development steps describe and define different results of learning units and can show knowledge, skills and competences.
Further aim of the project was the description of standardized assessment procedure to acknowledge and validate those units of the competence matrix which was be tested in mobilities. The preparation and implementation of the mobilities will be proofed to check the understandability of the VQTS-Matrix.
At the end of the project the preparation of specific suggestions/possibilities to integrate the competence matrix into already existing national/regional training opportunities and systems will be discussed. Furthermore, specific measures will be determined in order to implement particular learning units into already existing initial training opportunities and opportunities for further education. The existing preliminary Curriculum in NRW (vorläufiger Lehrplan Techniker für Gebäudesystemtechnik NRW) will be revised and possibly adapted.
The IT:BSE Matrix for the new occupational field of Building Service Engineering provides the basis for mobility and flexibility in both the horizontal and vertical direction. Horizontal mobility here means that using the matrix
- competence areas can be identified, which are adequate for internships abroad competence profiles can be compiled, which can be used in the acquisition of adequate skilled personnel/professionals, e.g. finding a technician for Building Service Engineering with specific skills for a special building complex
- individual competence profiles can be created, which can be used in the acquisition of a workplace – also for applications
in other countries
- competence areas can be identified, which lack workers, who are trained in other professions for being active in the
field of Building Service Engineering. The lacking competences can be acquired by specific further trainings at home
Vertical mobility means that using the matrix it is possible
- to develop further training offers for different target groups, to qualify them for the new occupational field technician
for Building Service Engineering,
- to compare competence profiles and to recognize existing competences in a further training. As additional assessment
instruments were developed for several areas the recognition of already existing competences will be particularly facilitated.
The developed matrix describes competences, which are located on the level four to six of the European and German Qualifications Framework (EQF/DQR). Concretely, this means that an instrument is available for improving the mobility and the recognition of competences between a normal professional degree and a bachelor comparable degree. This
might be of interest for college dropouts, too. Since the matrix is available in the major European languages, it can be
used as a basis for mobility in and between many countries and in context with different qualification levels. Overall, the
matrix contributes on the comparability of trainings, transparency between the different training systems and improved
recognition of learning outcomes/competences. The matrix forms a good basis to develop country-specific educational opportunities for the new field of Building Service Engineering, especially for those countries in which no comparable trainings or further trainings exist.
Based on the project, several steps have been taken to implement the project results in the respec-tive national or regional
structures in the partner countries. Further anchoring and the accompanying sustainability can only take place in the future but the foundations for this are made.
Recognition, transparency, certification
Utilization and distribution of results
Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply
Information and Communication
transparency and certification
description of new occupation profiles
Product information Outcomes are: a) questionnaire for the empirical investigation of the professional field of Building Service Engineering, b)documentation of the results of the empirical investigation, c) The Competence Matrix for the field of Building Service Engineering, d) Competence profils of existing initial VET-profiles in all partner countries in the field of BSE, e) outcome-oriented assessments for selected modell units, f) proposal for the classification into the EQF, g) ECVET-technical compoenets concerning mobility in the field of Building Service Engineering.