Title Quality by Units
Project Number DE/12/LLP-LdV/TOI/147560
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
There is agreement among stakeholders from different VET systems that the focus on learning outcomes can help to improve the quality of education. Nevertheless, how these learning outcomes can be produced in vocational education, how competence oriented examinations should be designed and how an appropriate assessment of the results can be made, were still mostly unanswered questions.
For this reason, in the project "Quality by Units" partners from countries with different VET systems developed a commonly applicable concept for improving the quality of education.
The main aim of the project was to show how learning outcomes and competence oriented training and assessment procedures in vocational education and training can be applied in order to achieve a higher quality in the process and effects of VET.
The project focused mainly on the process of VET, where the usage of units of learning outcomes and appropriate competence assessment procedures directs to higher quality because it leads to more transparency and standardisation but allows flexibility at the same time. The learning outcomes approach leads to better employability skills and adaptability of competences and thus fulfils (outcome) indicator 6 of the European Quality Assurance Reference Framework: Utilisation of acquired skills at the workplace. The purpose of this indicator is to increase employability and improve responsivenes of VET to changing demands in the labour market. Two elements of ECVET technical specifications were applied in the project:
- the development of standards and guidelines for the conception of learning outcome oriented approaches and
- the appropriate competence assessment procedures.
The focus of the project is on the apprenticeship mechatronics which was already analyzed within several ECVET-projects. It turned out that the practice of VET could benefit from using units of learning outcomes and competence assessment procedures. In different countries the logic of ECVET will be anchored by testing on how a didactical framework for learning outcomes approaches can nationally lead to quality assurance in VET. Different VET systems will be taken into account: dual systems (DE, AT), training on the job (UK), alternating (PL) and school based vocational systems (FR). For the last mentioned system it is especially innovative to use the ECVET specifications as the usability of the acquired skills and competences cannot be directly assessed at the work place.
It is the aim of the project to transfer good practice from the two projects "EDGE" (part of the German DECVET initiative) and "VQTS" to different VET systems in order to come to a common understanding on how ECVET could work in the different contexts and thereby come to a better understanding across Europe.
The consortium which was led by f-bb consists of:
- 3s research laboratory (AT)
- TNOIK (PL)
- CIBC (FR)
- IER (UK)
- Ecap Foundation (CH)
Description Based on the experiences made in Germany and Austria with the VQTS-matrix "Mechatronics" common key activities of the qualification "Mechatronics" were identified in the partner countries France, Poland and UK. Case studies led to a further development of the VQTS-matrix to the requirements of the different countries. On the basis of a cross-country analysis common quality standards and recommendations were identified. A reality phase in France, Poland and UK showed how these standards could be integrated in the VET processes. The evaluation of the reality phase gave answers on "how can ECVET be introduced in different VET systems" and "how can ECVET contribute to quality assurance in national VET systems".
Utilization and distribution of results
Recognition, transparency, certification
transparency and certification
procedure for the analysis and prognosis of the vocational training requirement
Product information The main products were guidelines and quality standards for the conception of learning outcomes and appropriate competence assessment procedures for different VET systems using the example of the qualification “Mechatronics”