Title The 'Big Bang': bridging the cultural clash between young, marginalised groups of young people and the world of work and VET
Project Number UK/12/LLP-LdV/TOI-517
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Country UK-United Kingdom
The overall aim of the Big Bang project was to bridge the cultural clash between marginalised groups of young people and the world of work.
Its concrete objectives were:
1. Though a process of comparative analysis and testing, to transfer through import and export the D2A and YES programmes in the partner states;
2. To produce new guidance and training materials for the target group of VET-related professionals (trainers, teachers, employability, information advice and guidance (EIAG) workers) supporting the target group young people and employers;
3. To outline a competency framework for VET professionals, to incorporate within VET and NQF systems and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programmes in the partner states, aligned to the European Qualifications Framework
Summary Big Bang (BB) was concerned with the ‘culture clash’ between work-based culture and a culture of worklessness, social exclusion and low ambition. This includes young people who were participating in anti-social/negative peer group behaviour (including ‘gang’ culture and offending), and to address the disproportionate under-representation of young people from marginalised groups (Black, minority and migrant communities) accessing initial VET and employment in the partner countries. The main aim of the project was to import and export, test, adapt existing innovative VET methodologies that had been developed to address the 'clash'. Firstly, the YES programme developed through a Leonardo Project in 2007 established a training toolkit for HR Managers, particularly SMEs, to recruit young people from marginalised groups and help sustain their employment. Secondly, the Dare2Achieve (D2A) project operated by 15 Billion in the UK, recognized by the Skills Funding Agency, the National Apprenticeship Service and DWP as a successful youth employability programme that responds specifically to the needs of marginalised young people. Third, a theoretical framework about the culture clash developed in the Netherlands. Big Bang was a new consortium from across the ‘culture clash’ stakeholder spectrum.
Big Bang was a new consortium from across the ‘culture clash’ stakeholder spectrum. The project consortium met six times. The kick off meeting was held in London in November 2012. Subsequent meetings were held in Utrecht, the Netherlands; Akeyruri, Iceland; Vienna, Austria; Zaragoza, Spain, and concluding in London in September 2014.
The project implementation progressed fully according to plan. The focus in the first year was to complete a Comparative Study (WP2) and undertake an initial Testing phase and peer review with key Stakeholders in each participant country. This has been complemented by an effective project management model and on-going quality assurance and internal evaluation. The description of the activities in year 1 are detailed in the following section.
The focus in the first year was to complete the Comparative Study (WP2) and undertake an initial Testing phase and peer review with key Stakeholders in each participant country. In the case of the former, each partner undertook an in-depth review and a situational analysis, complemented with case studies, and wrote up a 'country report' according to a commonly established report structure. An overall Study Report, which synthesized each of the partners work, was compiled and published. In addition, each partner established a working group in their own country (consisting of a range of stakeholders, adapted according to each partners' context), to test the relevance and application of the YES, D2A and the APS/El Hadioui theoretical framework. At Utrecht, partners were also able to review the practice of 'the Colour Kitchen', an innovative social enterprise working with disaffected and 'at risk' youth, and also receive a presentation from Iias El Hadioui of Erasmus University, who produced the original 'culture clash' thesis and is published and broadcasts on Dutch TV on the subject. At the third transnational partner meeting in Akureyri (broadcast on Icelandic TV) and the overall approach (consolidated in the Position Statement) was agreed for the development and in turn the test of the new Y2E Toolkit in year two.The partners have also implemented the dissemination strategy which, as well as the ADAM entry and local promotional and awareness-raising activities has included the production, launch and promotion of a dedicated project website; a twitter feed; a printed brochure for hard copy circulation; a series of project newsletter 'e-zines' circulated by email and the publication of news and blog information on partner websites.
The focus in the second year was a second testing phase of newly-produced guidance materials and the development of a Competency Framework. The new Toolkit and Guide (the ‘Y2E’ Toolkit) was developed according to an agreed Editorial Framework, underpinned with clear set of principles to address the successful inclusion of young people from marginalised groups in VET, based on a review and enhancement of the transferred materials and augmented as a result of the testing in each country. The new Y2E Toolkit and Guide consists of new guidance content for the practitioner target group of Employability Information Advice and Guidance professionals, building on a synthesis of the approaches from YES, D2A and as informed by the theoretical framework from IIias El Hadioui of Erasmus University which informed the original APS study on the 'Culture Clash' that was part of the original material to transfer. The Competency Framework was produced as a first step technical framework to support the subsequent development of specific certification or validation processes, aligned to the European Qualifications Framework. The project concluded with a conference in London in September 2014, at which over 80 stakeholders attended, and at which the main products of the project were disseminated and with an external evaluation report, which reviewed the usability and impact of the project results and experience.
Access for disadvantaged
Other Service Activities
description of new occupation profiles
procedure for the analysis and prognosis of the vocational training requirement
program or curricula
The project produced a Comparative Study into the factors surrounding the 'culture clash' in each of the partner countries, and combined a report of these factors, as well as a number of case studies, into an overall report publication.
As a result of the transfer and testing of D2A and YES and the theoretical framework produced by Ilias el Hadoui, we produced new training materials for VET professionals and EIAG staff. Developing teachers/trainers skills in understanding how they, and their learners, are positioned, how knowledge was acquired, organised and interpreted was a key element in the pedagogy underpinning D2A, YES and APS materials. There is a considerable body of literature and studies that have examined the issue of culture clash at work from many different perspectives.
Big Bang also developed a Competency Framework for VET professionals who support young people to move into employment- focus on diversity and addressing disadvantage.