Title Utilisatiion de la plateforme TIPTOE pour le transfert des outils sémantiques ECVET et CEC (EQF) dans une perspective multi-sectorielle
Project Number 2011-1-IT1-LEO05-01969
Project Type Projets de transfert d'innovation
Marketing Text Le projet TAMTAM vise à favoriser la diffusion d'une plate-forme web conçue pour promouvoir la définition des qualifications sémantiquement transparentes conformes aux recommandations CEC (EQF) et ECVET et capables de traiter efficacement les besoins transnationaux d'innovation du marché du travail dans le domaine des TIC, de la mode/du textile, de la mécanique/de la mécatronique et dans celui de l'efficacité énergétique/des bâtiments verts.
The TAMTAM project has operated a sectoral and geographic transfer of TIPTOE project results: from commerce to ICT, fashion/textile, mechanics/mechatronics and energetic efficiency/green building; from the Netherlands to Italy, Austria, France, Germany, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and United Kingdom.
The construction and the intelligent grow of a common European space for lifelong learning (Lisbon process, ET 2020) have highlighted specific needs like: a) ensuring mobility and innovation in professions by means of semantically transparent qualifications articulated into units to which ECVET credit points are allocated (European priority) and b) favoring employability thanks to an increased match between results and innovation needs of the labour world (New skills for new jobs). They have also highlighted a transversal need associated with the use of a platform. For this, TAMTAM has adapted (at the methodological, contenutistic and technological levels), transferred (through specific actions aimed at strengthening the awareness/appropriation degree and at testing mobility and ECVET tools) and valorized (through exploitation and dissemination activities) the platform and the methodologies developed in the TIPTOE project by: representing EQF level 5 qualifications in the chosen sectors; applying ECVET tools; gathering innovation needs and verifying the flexibility of qualifications and their predisposition to updatability. Results was represented by: the platform, the qualifications of the new sectors, the guide and tools on ECVET, and dissemination/exploitation materials.
The target group was represented by operators of VET and users of selected sectors. The TAMTAM project aimed at: a) providing them with concrete answers to the demand for improved mobility and employability and up-to-dateness of occupational and educational profiles; b) adapting the TIPTOE platform to let it: manage the dialogue among heterogeneous actors; handle and cross a wide variety of information concerning the application of tools for transparency (specifically ECVET) by taking into account sectoral aspects (SQFs); enabling benchmarking operations. The empowerment of tools and specifically of ECVET among the various geographic areas have provided an important support to the free movement of students and workers across Europe.
The consortium was made up of 11 core partners and 9 strategic partners and represented a remarkable sample of organizations which are strongly motivated and used to cooperate in European contexts. Hence, they have provided the appropriate contribution and support in achieving project results. Several partners had a wide and proven experience in LdV projects; in fact they have established close relations with local bodies and policy makers. The experience and human resources involved have assured the quality in achieving project aims and performing activities planned.
The project has addressed two types of needs:
1) A specific need, which dealt of two different topics:
a) Ensuring the professional and training mobility and innovation among countries and between HPE and VET. It is needed that qualifications are described in a transparent way through a format which is semantically shared and based on learning outcomes. The professional standard should be described in terms of activities, tasks, key performances and certifiable learning outcomes while the training standard should be structured into units of learning outcomes. ECVET credits points should be then allocated to units through evaluation and validation procedures referred to the learning outcomes acquired in the classroom and internship contexts; if ECTS credits are allocated, a match ECVET-ECTS has to be analyzed.
b) Enhancing the employability by promoting a deeper match between the labour market outcomes and needs (new objective of the Bruges Copenhagen process) and in particular those linked with technological innovation (New skills for new jobs); qualification profiles should be defined according to the analysis of the professional and training needs; learning outcomes are to be continuously readjusted taking into account the innovative context (in this sense, EQF level 5 can represent an effective test bed).
2) The second need has had a cross dimension and dealt with the use of a platform allowing to
encourage the dialogue and the relationships among different organizations, companies, training centers and institutions by matching the various needs and manage and match a great number of disparate information which is referred, on one hand, to the usage of tools functional to the transparency of qualifications (ECVET) and the joint setting out of training courses; on the other hand, the information aim at keeping the sector-based aspects (possibility to build SQFs) and developing community approaches functional to match the demand with the offer and to take in and shift the changes from the labour market to the training carry out benchmarking actions.
The project has identified specific objectives and a cross aim which were in line with the above needs.
The specific objectives aimed at enabling the young people to receive a training which comes through the local barriers, for example a virtual, geographical and sectoral mobility; but also aimed at developing a real mutual trust among the workers/operators of the different contexts.
The objectives were:
a) representing a EQF level 5 qualification (and upload it on the platform) for each chosen sector according to a shared standard divided into two parts: common and subsidiary. The common part is described in terms of activities, tasks, performances and learning outcomes referred to competences which allow the individual to work in global markets will facilitate the testing on the following topics: if the qualification is recognizable in the NQFs and belongs to the HPE or VET; if it is valid in the sector; if it matches with EQF descriptors. The subsidiary part through the national curriculum structured in terms of units and ECVET credit points allocated to them should allow the aggregation of the learning outcomes in order to highlight a common part and the national and/or sectoral ones. ECVET tools for mobility are used for establishing links between HPE and VET qualifications.
b) the uploading of tasks and activities in the platform and the capitalization of the available data would enable to carry out a benchmarking process on the standard effectiveness if compared with the labour market’s needs; to check the model’s adaptability to the new needs by using the information already collected in order to evaluate the pertinence of the outcomes in regard to several key indicators and their readability with respect to the opportunities provided by the professional mobility.
The cross aim dealt with the adaptation and transfer of the platform and methodologies developed in the TIPTOE project in order to create a virtual space where all the actors can cooperate to find out common solutions. The fulfillment of this cross aim allowed to provide a better service to users concerned, by encouraging the mutual trust and promoting an useful tool which will be functional to the overtaking of the barriers to the free movement of workers and students across Europe and to provide more transparency concerning the European training offer and the labour market’s trends.
Utilisation et diffusion de résultats
Formation tout au long de la vie
Validation, transparence, certification
Marché du travail
Entreprise, TPE, PME
Activités Spécialisées, Scientifiques Et Techniques
Information et Communication
Transparence et certification
Procédure pour l'analyse et le pronostic des besoins de la formation professionnelle
The TAMTAM project moved from the innovative results of TIPTOE consisting in a methodological approach based on semantic maps recorded in a digital platform for the analysis of the commerce sector from the educational and occupational perspectives and the creation of a common European profile. On this basis, the TAMTAM project aimed at implementing a 1) linguistic, 2) geographical, 3) systemic and 4) sectoral transfer of the TIPTOE platform and associated methodology by a) reusing, b) enriching, and c) valorizing the knowledge base embedded in the platform itself by also adapting it to the particular context of the EQF level 5 qualifications in innovative occupational sectors.
The present innovation aimed at responding to specific requirements related to the need for a format for defining qualifications expressed in terms of learning outcomes able to support the employability as well as the educational/occupational mobility by: a) highlighting the units characterizing the national context with respect to international components, b) supporting the sharing of procedures for the allocation of credit points and c) favoring the translation of innovation needs originated by the labour market. More specifically, the methodology and the platform was reused for the construction of structured maps capable of representing the education and occupational worlds for the new sectors of interest. Moreover, a linguistic adaptation allowed to use new contents as well as information available in the TIPTOE platform in a wider geographical perspective encompassing new partners (from TIPTOE countries) as well as new countries.
The above valorization actions were further boosted because of a sort of symbiotic connection that can be identified between the information managed by the knowledge base and the functionalities offered by the platform. In fact, besides representing an added value by itself, the introduction of a multi-sectoral/multi-linguistic view (because of national translations) let the platform consider the learning outcomes in a new perspective, which is complementary to the transnational and context-related (occupational-educational) ones already investigated in TIPTOE. The above actions reinforced the efficacy of the tool as a facilitator in the identification of the common parts of the profile, as well as in checking the match with the professional needs, by extending at the same time the set of knowledge and experiences on which mutual trust has to be built upon.
TIPTOE has represented the practical implementation of the methodological processes and of the best practices defined in the HELEN and SESAMO projects to support the readability and transparency of qualifications and reinforce transnational mobility policies. In TIPTOE, the vision developed in HELEN and aimed at referencing national education and training systems was projected in the EQF and ECVET dimensions, by defining innovative operative tools capable of involving the various stakeholders of VET in the design and verification of a procedure for the creation of sectoral maps of qualifications and occupations expressed in terms of learning outcomes able to embrace, and harmonize, the dual perspective of the education and the labour worlds. This procedure have considered separately the above points of view by analyzing, on the one side, VET systems and formative offers at the national/regional level and, on the other side, the situation of the labour market. The methodological approach devised for the desk research was accompanied by an analysis methodology based on interviews with the reference actors; both the passages were aimed at the characterization of the needs, the identification of the principal qualifications and occupations, the elicitation of knowledge, skills and competences related to formal, non formal and informal learning paths and, finally, at the determination of the corresponding EQF levels. From the practical point of view, the main tangible result of TIPTOE was represented by a methodological approach based on a semantic platform which, at the conclusion of project activities, behaves as a digital representation of the knowledge generated during the analysis, sharing and testing phases and, during the development of the project itself, constituted the skeleton of the above mentioned phases. The platform (available online on project website at www.eqfcommerce.eu) represents, at first glance, a standardized format aligned with EQF and ECVET for the organization and management of the results of the desk and field analysis steps, to be exploited for structuring the description of occupational profiles and professional qualifications, both existing and expected. During the data integration phase, characterized by a bottom-up approach, the platform was responsible for performing a semantic alignment of the handled information, which involves the same actors in charge of filling it up. This alignment has exploited systemic correlations (relations between concepts belonging to different models, related to the different meanings the same concept, e.g. competence, can get in different cultural and social contexts) and semantic liaisons (related to the various translations a particular learning outcome or a specific certification modality, among others, can get in different linguistic contexts). In the data integration phase, the platform has played an important role by supporting information sharing, hence facilitating the active and collaborative (non necessarily synchronous) discussion among the various actors, aimed at reaching a shared view on both content and method-related aspects. In TIPTOE, the outcome of the above operations was a map of the qualifications and occupations of the selected reference sector (i.e, trade), expressed according to a unified terminology based on the ECVET and EQF principles (where references to local origins are nonetheless preserved). Through ad hoc statistical indicators configured in the framework of the project on selected study cases, the platform allowed to compare the domains of qualifications and of occupational profiles in a transnational direction, by summarizing comparable components and outlining, at the same time, local characteristics, with the goal of generating a European profile for the considered sector founded on a common ground (maximum common denominator) enriched by peculiarities emerged in the labour or education fields in the context of specific national experiences.