Title European Occupational Standards for Golf
Project Number UK/10/LLP-LdV/TOI-343
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Country UK-United Kingdom
Golf is unique amongst sports in the size and diversity of its labour market. There are many golf qualifications, some recognised in national qualification systems and others purely sector-based. New golf markets have emerged in recent years and there exists a gap at EU level between the competencies required by golf employers and the learning outcomes acquired by graduates and employees through education training.
The “European Occupational Standards for Golf” project will objective the development of industry-led occupational standards to describe and specify the standards of performance that people are expected to achieve their work, and the knowledge and skills they need to perform effectively. In other words, those innovative standards will define the competences, skills and knowledge needed for the jobs of the sector. The end target will be to ensure the development of a competent workforce with the right skills and to improve the relationship between education and employment.
The EU golf industry is growing fast and employers need well trained employees able to match the requirements of a more demanding and socially diverse clientele. Golf is unique amongst sports in the size and diversity of its labour market. A large number of qualifications exist in the golf industry, some are recognised in national qualification systems (UK and Netherlands) and some others are purely sector-based. New golf markets have emerged in recent years particularly in Southern and Eastern Europe and there exists a gap at European level between the competencies required by golf employers and the learning outcomes acquired by graduate/employees through training. These new markets lack quality initial vocational training relevant to golf employers’ needs. In established golf markets, training processes are focused on learning inputs.
The purpose and objective of the project have been discussed with the partnership during the development of the project and in accordance with the strong request expressed by the sector for the need to develop some European Occupational Standards. Indeed, they have identified a gap between the competences requested from the labour market and the learning outcomes delivered by the training providers and so those innovative outcomes should improve and make easier the movement between education and employment but also ensure the development of a competent workforce with the right skills in the golf industry.
The implementation of those European Standards into national VET systems will enhance the attractiveness of VET, reinforce the cooperation between stakeholders and the link with employers, the transparency of the qualifications and their recognition which will strengthen the mobility of highly skilled workers with clear occupational pathways and the transferability of their skills and competences.
The expected impact envisaged is that golf will embrace a Lifelong Learning Strategy and endorse a common quality assurance framework for its qualifications across EU. These achievements will enhance the attractiveness of VET, will reinforce cooperation between stakeholders and the link with employers, the transparency of the qualifications and their recognition which will strengthen the mobility of highly skilled workers with clear occupational pathways and the transferability of their skills and competencies.
Golf Stand project gathered a unique combination of 16 partners from 10 different EU countries involved in Golf, wider sports and education sector. The starting point of the development of the project was to make sure that existing qualifications/courses in Golf are understood by employers and match the needs of the sector.
• Existing programmes vary between countries
• Need for parity in the level of qualification, training and input across the programmes
• Need support to further develop/amend existing programmes to the appropriate level
• Need for an appropriate and common structure, content and assessment framework
To respond to these challenges the Golf Stand project gave the opportunity to develop a series of EU Standards describing the sector, main occupations and activities, skills and competencies needed to perform as Golf Professionals, and the way to develop learning outcomes within courses/qualifications.
The fact to gather such a mix of recognised national & EU stakeholders with various expertise and competencies was crucial to deliver such an ambitious project. Indeed, the whole Golf industry was represented through the partnership which made easier the development of relevant technical results (EU Standards) but also the validation of the content. The quality of the results and the delivery of each single task of the work plan were ensured by having some experts involved with a deep knowledge and understanding of the sector.
Utilization and distribution of results
Recognition, transparency, certification
Other Service Activities
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
Human Health and Social Work Activities
description of new occupation profiles
The Golf Stand project entirely met the initial objectives specified in the application form and the partnership carried out some extra achievement to respond to the realities and needs from the sector in Europe.
In terms of management activities (WP1), SkillsActive lead the process and all expected full partner meetings, technical meetings and management group meetings were organised through the life of the project. Moreover, some management tools such as a detailed Gantt Chart, a Financial and Administrative Manual, a Quality Management Plan, a multilingual glossary and a consultation strategy were produced.
An External Evaluation was conducted to assess the quality of the management and the results of the project. It was initially planned to only produce a Final External Evaluation Report at the end of the project period but to ensure an efficient management for the project we agreed to add an interim step to obtain views and opinions of all partners at mid-term and make the necessary changes and/or improvements.
All expected valorisation activities (WP2) were achieved including the development of a valorisation strategy, a project leaflet available in 10 languages and hard copies in English, a specific logo and a project’s website (www.golf-stand.eu).
The initial goal of WP3 was to conduct a desk research to collect available data on Labour Market to be able to give a snapshot of the situation in the Golf sector in Europe. We carried out the scanning/desk research but due to a lack of available and comparable data it was unanimously agreed to conduct a Labour Market related field research through Golf Facilities from 10 member states of the EU to obtain key data on golf facility, the workforce and employer’s needs. An extra Technical Meeting was organised in June 2011.
Expected technical outputs produced:
- Occupational Map (WP4.1) and Occupational Descriptors for the Golf sector in EU (WP4.2)
- Functional Map for the Golf Industry in Europe (WP5.1)
- Functional Map for Golf Professionals (WP5.2) – extra outcome to make easier and more logical the transition between the Functional Map and the Occupational Standards
- Occupational Standards (work based competence framework) for Golf Professionals in EU (WP6)
- guide to Qualifications and Learning Outcomes for the Education of Golf Professionals in EU (WP7)
- report on Quality Assurance Strategies and Guidelines for Vocational Education and Training in Golf in EU (WP8).