Title TIES: Improving quality and cost effectiveness of Scandinavian swimming teacher education using advanced on-line and audio-visual technologies
Project Number 2008-1-IS1-LEO05-00104
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
•Introduction and marketing of the project will be done:
• at international conferences
•printing introduction material of the project will be disseminated at conferences, coaches clincs and teachers seminars.
•Printing of teaching material and handbooks to use with the program will be available.
•The group will disseminate the product at various places such as at the swimming Association website, University website, teachers council website, www.swimming-ties coachesinfo.com, etc.
Summary Educational units for swimming teachers and coaches will be transferred from a similar existing program used at the University of Edinburgh in the Centre of Aquatic Research and Education and upgraded to ‘on-line’ delivery for the Icelandic Swimming Federation with a view to implementation throughout Europe. This will be facilitated through transfer of existing continuing professional development (CPD) infrastructures and technologies. The main aim of the project is to improve the quality of swimming teacher training and assessment in a manner that is cost effective. The current swimming education program in Iceland includes a series of topics related to the development of knowledge and effective teaching behaviours through face-to-face lectures and practical workshops and projects. To increase the effectiveness of delivery while minimising cost and inconvenience to participants, this programme will be transferred to a ‘blended’ delivery model taking advantage of video and web-based technologies that have been developed at Edinburgh university and CAPDM, a company specialising in on-line delivery of educational products. The necessary practical components of the current programme will be retained and revamped to synthesise with the on-line components.
i. To support participants in training and further training activities in the acquisition and the use of knowledge, skills and qualifications to facilitate personal development.
The Icelandic Swimming Federation is responsible for training coaches and teachers for applications ranging from young children learning to swim to competition level performance. In 2000 the Icelandic Sport Federation implemented mandatory general theoretical and technical education for all coaches. Part of this education is sport specific, i.e. all theory and technical education in swimming had to be taught in weekend seminars, which was both very costly and difficult for coaches to attend. Transfer and delivery of the theoretical content on-line will enable training and certification of many more teachers of swimming. In addition to the improvement in cost effectiveness and convenience, teachers can complete the course in a time-flexible manner and with considerably less time wasted in travel. Observation and analysis of on-line video from various underwater and above-water perspectives will enhance knowledge and understanding of both swimming technique and teaching methods.
ii. To support improvements in quality and innovation in vocational education and training systems, institutions and practices.
Quality of swimming education will be improved through the integrated transfer and application of state-of-the art innovations:
a. Production and post-production of visual aids including video clips of elite and faulty stroke mechanics and examples of good teaching practice: The facilities at the Centre for Research and Education at The University of Edinburgh feature production quality cameras with multiple above and below water views. Expertise in collecting high quality video extends to post-production where videos are enhanced by adding illustrative graphical aids such as lines and text, and preparation in digital format for efficient on-line display. Some of Britain’s best swimmers are readily available as exemplars of good technique. ( www.care.ed.ac.uk/snl/ )
b. Several sources of scientific knowledge are available through the resources of the contributing universities. These include the coaches’ information service website established by The University of Edinburgh (www.coachesinfo.com) incorporating contributions from leading swimming scientists in ‘coach friendly’ style. The Centre for Aquatics Research and Education, based in the School of Education, has a strong record of ‘bridging the gap’ between swimming science and its application by learn-to-swim teachers and coaches of elite swimmers. (www.care.ed.ac.uk/ )
c. Through its existing on-line education programmes The University of Edinburgh has forged strong links with CAPDM as a specialist in delivery of on-line courses for universities (www.capdm.com ). CAPDM converts material provided by Universities into sound pedagogical formats utilising latest technologies to enable effective teacher-student interaction, discussion forums, revision and self assessment opportunities, streamlined record keeping and accounting, and automated assessment.
Open and distance learning
Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities
open and distance learning
program or curricula
transparency and certification
The final product will be 6 modules of specific swimming teaching related material.The on-line delivery will feature several ‘state of the art’ technologies to provide a formal base for the development, management and delivery of learning materials, and to optimise learning and to motivate the participants. They include:
a. Video clips of good technique illustrating sound application of scientific principles underlying the optimisation of energy use, safety, and technique. Course participants will apply scientific principles in combination with the models of good technique to identify faults deliberately illustrated in video clips. Similarly, participants will observe and analyse video clips with audio that illustrate good teaching practice.
b. All content will be developed in open standards, specifically XML and the DocBook DTD, in order to maximise the re-use of the materials, to enable delivery to multiple platforms and formats, and to offer some degree of future proofing.
c. XML-based assessment materials will be delivered into a possible range of assessment engines, depending on the needs of participating institutions. Question authors will be encouraged to use a variety of question types in order to offer rich and appropriate formative and revision assessments. A full range of IMS QTI question types can be supported depending on the capabilities of the underlying assessment engine. Authors will be encouraged to integrate questions and answers with the core content.
d. The underlying ‘mark-up’ of all content, including the assessment materials, will support all content types, including video. This will allow the project to produce a rich set of assessments to maximise learning.
e. By employing content structuring standards – specifically XML – there will be a clear separation of structure and content. This will allow translation to be managed in a way that preserves the structure but changes the content accordingly. Revision management will also be enhanced through the use of ‘difference’ reports.