Title Weiterentwicklung der Fähigkeiten der Bio-Landwirtschaft Trainer für das Mittelmeer
Project Number 2009-1-ES1-LEO05-10399
Project Type Innovationstransfer
Marketing Text Konventionelle landwirtschaftliche Produktion wurde durch die starke Abhängigkeit von nicht erneuerbaren Rohstoffen verwendet werden (Mechanisierung, Dünger, Pestizide etc.), die sich in zahlreichen landwirtschaftlichen Belastungen wie die Verschlechterung der Bodenqualität, Wasser-run-off, Umweltverschmutzung, Reduzierung der Artenvielfalt und Landschaftsbild, der zunehmenden Produktionskosten. Sensibilisierung der Öffentlichkeit für die irreversible Schäden für die Umwelt getan hat, fordert einen verantwortungsvollen Umgang mit unserem Naturerbe geführt.
Organic Agriculture (OA) is an increasingly important part of the food and agriculture industries. Public awareness on environmental issues has brought forward OA as an agricultural approach that can not only produce safer products but is environmentally sound too. Due to the particularities of the agricultural sector though it is difficult to promote the new culture of sustainable agricultural production to its stakeholders.
In countries such as Turkey, Greece and Spain, the uptake of OA practices and techniques is still developing. The reasons for these countries lagging behind can be found in the slow introduction of OA topics as a priority of academic and vocational educational systems of all levels that contribute to the education of agricultural professionals.
In this context, the Organic.Mednet project:
- Identified and analysed targeted user requirements for training agricultural professionals in a number of EU countries (i.e. Greece, Spain and Turkey) on topics related to Organic Agriculture.
- Selected and analysed innovative e-learning content that had been previously developed to support training needs in previous initiatives.
- Integrated the e-learning content in national and regional training systems and practices related to OA.
- Adapted and enhanced selected e-learning content to support the lifelong learning needs of agricultural professionals in the participating user organisations, through appropriately designed training scenarios.
- Collected, categorized and published in an online learning repository (the Organic.Edunet portal: http://portal.organic-edunet.eu/) the transferred content from previous initiatives in the form of digital training objects.
- Deployed a multilingual Multimedia Online Learning Environment (MOLE: http://om.moleportal.eu/) specifically designed to facilitate end-users’ online use of digital training objects.
- Designed a number of training scenarios for the use of the transferred e-learning content to support training of agricultural professionals in the participating user organisations.
- Carried out a set of focused pilot trials to validate the proposed training scenarios and the transferred e-learning content.
- Promoted the cooperation of stakeholders in the area and supported the sustainability of project results.
Organic.Mednet transferrred innovative training techniques and materials in two different levels:
- From a geographical perspective, Organic.Mednet transferred training content that had been tested in other countries like Spain, Austria, Norway, the Netherlands and Greece, as well as existing training content that was publicly available worldwide, into the targeted country of Turkey as well as in another geographical region and user groups in Greece and Spain.
- From an educational level perspective, Organic.Mednet transferred training methods previously used in the context of secondary and higher education mainly for agronomists (e.g. graduate education of students in agricultural universities, post-graduate training of young agronomists) to (a) support vocational training needs of agronomists that require focused vocational training on OA topics and (b) support lifelong learning needs of farmers that want to acquire new skills and cultivate new products.
The overall strategy of transfer was skill acquisition through the course of practice in 3 main directions: participatory training techniques, organic agriculture level 3 curriculum and techonology enhanced learning tools (learning object repositories and online learning environments). To achieve the goals of mastering the new concepts and skills to the point of being motivated to make use of them in their day to day training practise, the following strategy was planned:
- Train the trainers courses of about a week (face to face) + 1/2 weeks online on the novel topics mentioned (participatory training techniques and ICT tools), including application of those to VET training pointing out the advantages for them and their students of all these skills. Three trainers courses were implemented, one per target country (Greece, Spain and Turkey) were experts from the project partners participated.
- The trainers of the previous courses had to commit to put the new skills into practice in the training courses that they usually were involved in, whether these were formal VET classes or more informal talks to farmers, unions or associations of farmers.
- During all this process, a twofold evaluation strategy was followed: first we evaluated the "train the trainers" events to later evaluate the courses to farmers.
Geographically, all target countries were covered; e.g. in Spain, on a regional level, all regions were targeted as the experts invited came from all parts of the country, and the same was for Greece. In Turkey, only the Adana region was targeted due to the size of the country and the difficulties for covering expenses to people in more distant (often remote) areas.
This strategy was moderately successful, given the interest of the participants and their willingness to apply the new skills in their day-to-day activities.
Regarding suitability, it is perfectly suitable to deploy a similar strategie in any other region/country in the future. The courses for trainers are mature and well established, and the adaptation to local specificities is not complicated and can be done withouth major problems. In fact a similar approach was followed by sibling project Organic.Balkanet in the balkans regions with a similar level of success.
As for the project impact, overall, more than 40 people were directly targeted during the advisors' Training: 10 in Greece, 13 in Turkey and 20 in Spain. These participants were asked about their professions, which were: Marketing, clerk , agricultural technologist, inspector (3), assessor / auditor of the certification board, regional director, organic evaluator (2), agricultural engineer, lecturer, MsC student, expert, research assistant, agricultural engineer, lecturer, instructor, expert, project manager, instructor (2), farmer, partner, middle level technician (2), technician in plant protection , unemployed (4), researcher on practice, team leader, student on practice (2), collaborator, teacher for vocational training, teacher giving courses, teacher (currently headmaster).
Berufsorientierung und -beratung
Erziehung und Unterricht
Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Fischerei
Erbringung von Freiberuflichen, Wissenschaftlichen und Technischen Dienstleistungen
The most relevant results of the project are detailed in the product area. In any case, a summary of the most relevant products follows:
- MOLE: Multimedia Online Learning Environment The Organic.Mednet MOLE Platform is a multilingual multimedia information system for managing courses, supporting learning processes and learning communities.
- Organic.Mednet curriculum, which covers the essential organic topics of a level 3 course in Organic Agriculture in the Mediterranean countries.
- Organic.Edunet portal inmprovements: new learning objects populated, new interface languages translations, and other minor improvements.