Title Social and Health care teachers against violence (HEVI 2008-2010)
Project Number 2008-1-FI1-LEO05-00457
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Marketing Text The Advisory teams supported the national plans by their own networks and community relations. and also the national valorisation plans. Partners were supported by the responsible organisation to create networks through these teams for identifying key authorities, trade unions, teachers, professionals, networks, national and international organisations on information purposes and as the channels to distribute information and project results to the end users locally, regionally, nationally and at EU-level. The core of the teams was the project partners. They introduced the project to the education authorities, teachers of other nursing and social schools and key professionals working in the field of violence prevention (child protection work, police). The brochure was disseminated in different meetings and dissemination seminars in partner countries.
The reason for the project was to respond to the need of health and social care teachers’ research based further education on intimate partner violence (IPV) in Europe. In most European countries only basic training material on IPV is available and there is a lack of training on teaching and tutoring methods specialized in IPV. Intimate partner violence is a very recent subject in basic education of Health and Social care professionals and just in few countries the issue includes in curriculums. Teachers’ further education programs don’t include IPV issues. There are former innovations of the training curriculum on IPV in Finland, Germany and Ireland and those will be transferred to the Teachers’ training curricula and the Teaching guidebook in the project.
The main aims and objectives of the project were to
1) support teachers to update their knowledge about intimate partner violence (IPV), European research and new principles and measures in preventing violence,
2) improve teachers’ abilities to meet new challenges of IPV prevention which originate from practical work in Health and Social care sector at national level as well as from European co-operation
3) promote involvement of the teachers in the curriculum development at institutional and national planning level on IPV issues
4) bring new innovations and improve quality of the vocational education by developing a continuing education curriculum and tools and methods for teaching and tutoring on IPV
5) contribute inclucion of IPV prevention in the national strategies of vocational education
6) transfer innovative and good practices practices in vocational education through the network and co-operation between educational organisations on IPV issues at European level
Key partners in the project were the teachers for their pedagogical knowledge and abilities to develop methods and tools. Partners were health and social care education institutes (colleges, universities of applied sciences, university colleges) in Finland, Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria, Germany and Estonia. Dissemination partners were representatives of the governmental bodies; Ministry of Health/Medical Professional Education centre/Latvia; Ministry of Health/Bulgaria; Ministry of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities/NAFP/Romania; Ministry of Public Health/Romania and Ministry of Social Affairs/Estonia as dissemination partners. The partners had been selected so, that their expertise will complete each other to reach project aims. There was also the backing of the WHO, regional office for Europe, for his project.
The project produced as tangible results the social and health care Teachers’ training curriculum on IPV and the Teaching guidebook. Teaching guidebook included ideas, methods and tools for teaching and working as a tutor for students. Intangible outcomes were teachers and students improved awareness and skills to tackle intimate partner violence: they can identify and confront the violence as well as help women and child victims which live trough the domestic violence. It is expected that quality of Health and Social services will improve.
The impact envisaged of this project is to devise a European training system of Health and Social education on IPV and to improve the quality of teaching on IPV at European level.
Rationale and background of the HEVI Leonardo –project:
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a well known problem in Europe and globally. According WHO studies injuries and violence is among the leading causes of death for people aged 1-44 years. Estimates indicate that the costs of fatal and nonfatal injuries for the health sector are not less than 81 billion euros. Surveys from diverse European countries suggest that 5-45 % of women in Europe have been assaulted by an intimate partner at some time in their lives. Women’s greatest risk of violence is from partner. (WHO Multicountry Study 2005). The task for the Health ans Social professionals is to be more aware and knowledgeable about IPV. WHO recommendations are e.g. strenghtening national commitment and action, involving the Health and Social education sector and strenghtening the Health and Social sector response. Resolution RC55/R9 on Prevention of Injuries in The European Region (2005) recommends to strenghten national capacity and to promote good practices. There will be a need for good partnerships in globally and European network on IPV prevention. (WHO/Europe.)
In many European countries prevention of IPV is in a political agenda. Campaigns against IPV have been launched and social and health services are developed by authorities. The health and social consequences are dealt by those organizations and services and professionals have got further education to recognize the problem and to provide support for the victims and the family. However the national authorities responsible of development of vocational training system have not taken comprehensively IPV into the national strategies of vocational education or the institutions have not taken IPV into their curricula of different vocational education levels in health and social care area. Still intimate partner violence is a very recent subject in the basic education system of health and social care professionals and it is not included in currícula. Therefore nursing and social care students cannot develop all basic capacities needed in practice.
Improving the quality of Teacher Education is, therefore, an important goal for Europe's education systems if quicker progress is to be made towards meeting the common objectives that have been established under the Education and Training 2010 programme. The European Commission works closely with Member States to help them develop and modernize their education and training policies. It does this through the 'Education and Training 2010' Work Programme, part of the revised Lisbon Strategy, which facilitates the exchange of information, data and best practice through mutual learning and peer review. (COM (2007) 392 final.) One core thing is to base project aims to the Copenhagen declaration. At the moment European educational systems works separately. Copenhagen process objectives are to give attention to the learning needs of teachers and trainers and to promote cooperation in quality assurance: exhange of models and methods. (Copenhagen declaration 2002.)
Preparatory visit in Romania, Bucharest in January 2008 was a very important and informative meeting for partners of HEVI project. The teachers and authorities from participating countries introduced their national situation on IPV prevalence, services and development needs, how IPV comes up during social work/nursing students’ practical training and classroom situations. The teachers also assessed their own continuing training needs. The two days seminar revealed that no continuing training on IPV for the teachers exists in any of the partner countries however the issue is regocnized as a common social and health problem in every country. In all the participating countries there are national plans on prevention of IPV and IPV is one of the political priorities in the countries. Despite of that the national authorities responsible of development of vocational training system have not taken comprehensively IPV into the national strategies of vocational education or the institutions have not taken IPV into their curricula of different vocational education levels in health and social care area.
The teachers in Bucharest meeting in Jan 2008 declared the need to receive continuing training and to take IPV prevention into the agenda of their educational system in the country. Intimate partner violence is sensitive and difficult issue to teach as it is sensitive and difficult issue to handle in health and social care organizations’ everyday practice. Therefore health and social care teachers and students need special knowledge and skills for that work and to offer victims adequate and qualified help and support. In this case teachers need more skills and knowledge to teach about IPV and its prevention. This HEVI –project was based on European network to develop the common Teachers continuing training curriculum and Teaching guidebook on IPV issues.
The former innovations of the teachers continuing training in social and health care vocational education were transferred to the other participating countries and developed as a common Teachers continuing training curriculum. The former innovations are: the Finnish pilot training model for Health and Social care teachers and other educational programs in Finnish partner colleges; the Irish UCD model MSocSc (Social Work) Programme on IPV, the German SIGNAL e.V. model of Training of health care trainers on IPV. Also the Romanian Scoala Postliceala Sanitara Fundeni was along in the campaign, which name at local council level was “zero tolerance to violence”. Also this knowledge will be exploited. Transfer of innovations from one participating country to others will improve and update knowledge of the teachers on intimate partner violence, help them to get examples of good practices of IPV teaching programs.
By development work of Teachers’ training curriculum and Teaching guidebook the teachers had an opportunity to improve their skills and competence on IPV teaching and tutoring. Development work of the curriculum, Teaching guidebook and testing/piloting with teachers themselves supported teachers to reflect their own teaching and tutoring methods and challenges, and gave an opportunity to evaluate effectiveness of different teaching and tutoring strategies.
The Teaching guidebook supports the improvement of quality of vocational education at organizational and at national level. Also cooperation between different vocational education levels in the project was fruitful and productive giving different aspects into the teaching, tutoring and curriculum development needs on IPV. The new innovative tools were distributed through European networks of project partners giving so ideas and tools for other educational institutions in Europe for improvement work.
Development of skills and competences of teachers benefit tutoring of students who do their nursing and social care practice in the changing working life and where the students also meet demanding violence cases. European research on IPV has brought out new knowledge, principles and measures in preventing IPV; these are brought into the Teachers’ curriculum and Teaching guidebook. Also supporting co-operation between colleges, Health and Social care organizations and trade unions in educational issues strengthened teachers’ role as experts.
The Advisory teams of the project in each partner country included teachers, IPV experts, governmental authorities and representatives of labour unions. These Advisory teams shared and distributed knowledge and information about IPV prevention, its teaching and tutoring and development needs of curricula and national strategies of vocational education. The project promotes European cooperation and network between educational institutions and distribution of examples of good practices on IPV teaching and tutoring.
Utilization and distribution of results
Open and distance learning
Human Health and Social Work Activities
material for open learning
program or curricula
The brochure of the projet and IPV teaching were produced in the very beginning of the poject. The information of the project was distributed by this brochure in different seminars and events.
The web side of the project was also created in the beginning. The web side address was distributed in meetings, seminars and events. The web side is maintained by the coordinator.
Teachers’ continuing training currículum on IPV prevention for the social and health care sector teachers was developed together with the partners in order to improve their expertise on IPV and teaching and tutoring methods on a delicate issue. The work is based on Finnish, German and Irish models of training curricula of teachers and professionals in social and health care sector. Teaching guidebook includes ideas, tools and methods for teaching and working as a tutor for a student. The teaching guidebook includes a course or a teaching session for the nursing and social work students developed by the teachers s an example how to build a teaching session or a course on IPV. It also serves the purpose of implementation the issue to the curricula.