Title Bridging the gap of general practitioners' competence on European Market
Project Number 2008-1-PL1-LEO05-02080
Product Internet-based tool for measuring GPs’ competencies in health promotion and disease prevention
Title Internet-based tool for measuring GPs’ competencies in health promotion and disease prevention
Product Type procedure for the analysis and prognosis of the vocational training requirement
Marketing Text Internet based tool (in a questionnaire form) for measuring gaps in GPs’ competencies in the areas of health promotion and disease prevention
The tool was designed for measuring the level of GPs’ professional competencies in the field of disease prevention and health promotion. It is an Internet based tool taking questionnaire form.
Its construction is based on a framework dividing the whole field of promotion and prevention into three areas – with further 3 subareas each:
• Educational competencies – the ability to influence patient behaviour in order to promote a healthy lifestyle and encourage health promotion activities in the areas of: environment, lifestyle, child and maternal health
• Clinical competencies – the ability to manage preventable conditions at all levels of disease prevention activities in the areas of: preventive interventions, chronic disease management and screening
• Organisational competencies – the ability to organize one’s own practice and cooperate with other stakeholders in order to conduct health promotion and disease prevention activities effectively in the areas of: information, patient relationship and local communities.
The tool consists of two parts. Part I (a subjective assessment) allows GPs, in a structured way, to express thoughts and feelings about their own competencies. Part II is the evidence-based objective measurement of knowledge. Questions in both parts are assigned to each of the nine sub-areas described above.
A user can choose the full or short version of the tool. The first one consists of 117 questions (27 in Part I, and 90 in Part II) and takes one-and-a-half to two hours to complete. The short version has 36 questions (9 in Part I and 27 in Part II) and lasts about 30 minutes. At the end of the tests the doctor can check his/her score and see the incorrect answers.
The individual score shows the user’s gap between the subjective and objective assessment (whether the user underestimates his competences, overestimates them or is perfectly aware of his health promotion and disease prevention competence level).
Additionally, it is possible for users to compare their results with other groups. However, this opportunity is available only if the full version of the questionnaire is completed. Three comparison options are possible: (1) the user’s subjective results in comparison with the subjective results of a group; (2) the user’s objective results in comparison to the objective results of a group; (3) the user’s competence gap in comparison to the competence gap of a group. A group can be defined as doctors from all countries who have completed the questionnaire, or a group of doctors from the UK, Greece, Poland or Lithuania counted separately.
Moreover, a PDF version of the questionnaire is available and can be printed and completed in written form.
Target group Individual GPs as well as FM teachers and course organizers
Result The GAP tool provides the possibility for identifying and analyzing gaps in GPs’ competencies on both individual and group levels.
Area of application The tool is designed for individual use by GPs as well as to support teachers and course organizers. GPs can identify their individual shortages in competencies and compare their results with doctors from different countries. Furthermore, the results may be used to prepare an individual educational plan and chose the best method to improve one’s knowledge and skills. Teachers, tutors and course organizers responsible for the education of GPs in health promotion and disease prevention can recognize areas with the biggest gaps in GPs’ competencies and identify real education needs. Teaching effectiveness might be assessed when participants do the tests before and after the training activities.