Title Bridging the gap of general practitioners' competence on European Market
Project Number 2008-1-PL1-LEO05-02080
Product Report on GP’s competences in the field of health promotion and disease prevention
Title Report on GP’s competences in the field of health promotion and disease prevention
Product Type others
Marketing Text Report on analysis of GPs’ competencies in the field of health promotion and disease prevention which should be achieved during specialization
Description The report gathers information on family physicians’ competencies which are needed in their daily practice (from GPs’ perspective) and should be achieved during vocational training (from the point of view of family medicine experts). Competencies are divided into three main areas: educational (the health promotion area), clinical (the disease prevention area) and organizational (the service provision area). Two research methods were used: focus groups meetings with GPs and interviews with Family Medicine experts. The research were conducted in all Partners countries: Greece, Lithuania, Poland and United Kingdom in the period from March to July 2009. The report includes information from all of the project partner countries.
Target group The report can be helpful for teachers and tutors of GPs in Greece, Lithuania, Poland and the UK who prepare curricula, teaching programmes, courses and other educational activities for GPs in the field of health promotion and disease prevention. The report can help authors of teaching materials identify current educational needs of GPs and plan appropriate publication content. Also, individual GPs can use the report in their professional development.
The diagnosis of educational needs covered 3 areas: Health promotion (educational competences), Disease prevention (clinical competences), Service provision (organizational competences). Educational needs in aforementioned areas were divided into competence gaps related to education on the level of specialisation and development areas of practicing family medicine specialists.
According to the respondents, Service Provision (organizational competences) is the area of largest competence gaps. In this area, a 3-level model of reduction of competence gaps was formulated. The second important area with regard to the elimination of GP’s competence gaps is Health Promotion (Educational competences).
Respondents combine the areas of Health Promotion (Educational competences) and Disease Prevention (Clinical competences) as interactive and suggest the education combining those two areas which begins from prevention on the level of the specialisation course.
Respondents evaluate positively the scope of education (on the level of GP specialisation) with regard to diagnosis and keeping of disease units in GP’s practice. Development areas concern rather communication skills: relations with the patient and impact on the change of patients’ attitudes, as well as improvement of GP’s skills of communication with the practice personnel (from the perspective of GP as the managing person and other persons /nurses, residents, other doctors/ working in the practice area).
The factor which has often been indicated as an impediment to the increase of the level of GPs’ competences are systemic and organisational rather than educational circumstances – GPs are overburdened with administrative tasks and cannot undertake educational actions.
Area of application The report can be used by family Medicine teachers during the preparation of teaching materials to identify current educational needs of GPs in the area of health promotion and disease prevention and plan appropriate publication content.
Product Languages English