Title SENSAS - Sensibilisierung der Lehrlinge im Geist, unterzunehmen
Project Number LLP-LdV-TOI-2008-FR-117002
Project Type Innovationstransfer
Marketing Text Sensibilisierung der Lehrlinge im Geist, unterzunehmen
Ce projet a pour but de transférer des outils favorisant la culture d’entreprendre à des apprentis ou jeunes en formation par alternance. En effet, dans de nombreux pays européens des actions sont menées afin de susciter l’esprit d’entreprendre chez les jeunes mais ce sont les étudiants ou les lycéens qui sont visés. Les apprentis constituent pourtant un atout essentiel dans le développement et la transmission des entreprises car ils peuvent devenir les entrepreneurs de demain. Encourager l'esprit d'entreprendre, ce n'est pas uniquement le moyen de créer de nouvelles entreprises, c'est aussi donner aux jeunes la capacité d'entreprendre leur projet de vie.
L’objectif du projet est donc de développer la créativité de ces jeunes et de nouvelles aptitudes/attitudes face au risque et au changement, afin de les rendre entreprenants dans leurs projets professionnels. Notre but est de les sensibiliser afin qu’ils prennent conscience qu’ils possèdent eux aussi des compétences qui pourraient leur permettre d'exprimer et de développer leur esprit d'entreprendre, y compris de reprendre ou de créer une entreprise mais pas uniquement. Pour ce faire, l’un des moyens est de faire passer ce message par leurs enseignants et formateurs. C’est pourquoi le projet SENSAS vise à sensibiliser et former les enseignants dans un 1er temps et les apprentis dans un 2nd temps.
Le partenariat est riche, composé de 7 partenaires venant de Belgique, France, Irlande, Portugal et Suède. Il allie des partenaires en contact direct avec les apprentis et des partenaires ayant une expérience sur le domaine de la formation à l’esprit d’entreprendre. Tous ont une expérience sur le domaine de la formation de formateurs. Le partenariat regroupe des compétences en terme de connaissance du monde de l’entreprise, du monde institutionnel (en charge de l’éducation) et du monde universitaire.
The idea behind the SENSAS project is based on the following observation: since the Lisbon declaration on the competitiveness of the European Union and the publication of the Green Paper “The spirit of enterprise in Europe” in 2003, a number of different initiatives have been carried out by European and national authorities to encourage the creation of businesses and the spirit of enterprise on different levels.
The 2004 “Action plan: The European agenda for Entrepreneurship” states that the EU does not fully exploit its entrepreneurial potential. “While 47% of Europeans state a preference for self-employment, only 17% turn their ambitions into reality. This action plan proposes 5 strategic areas in which to act. One of the key actions put forward is the promotion of the entrepreneurial spirit amongst young people. If we study the action carried out in this framework, it is clear that in all European countries, these actions are aimed mainly at students (encouraged by the European Commission) and sometimes secondary school pupils. Apprentices, with their particular status of young people following a work-linked training course combining an employment contract and vocational training, are constantly overlooked by this type of operation. That is why it appears essential to the partnership to make up for this shortfall.
The main objective of the SENSAS project is to foster the entrepreneurial spirit among young people and in particular among apprentices. In fact, apprentices who follow a work-linked training programme in training institutes have direct contact with the world of work. Our aim is therefore to make them aware that they also have their own skills which could allow them to express and develop their entrepreneurial spirit, including but not uniquely, by starting up their own company or buying an existing business.
1. To develop the entrepreneurial spirit among young people and in particular apprentices on training programmes.
2. Promoting awareness of the entrepreneurial spirit among teachers
3. Transfer existing pedagogical tools, identified by the partnership, to new sectors of the population
4. To favour the creation of a new business or buying of an existing company.
The creation of a company plays an essential role in stimulating the economy, but spreading the entrepreneurial spirit is also just as important for facing the challenges of our society. Encouraging the Entrepreneurial Spirit, does not only mean creating new companies, it also means providing the population and in particular young people with the capability of really assuming their life plan and turning their backs on the stagnation of state support and handouts. This setting up of a life plan can become reality through different types of commitment: economic, social economic, cultural, sports, etc. “Teaching the entrepreneurial spirit, means helping young people create their own project, helping them give direction to their commitment.”
The question to trainers therefore, is how, with what methods, should the capacities of creation, change, anticipation and the culture of risk, be developed? Emerging from practical experience are three major theories: the contingent approach, which links the approach and contributions to the context, teaching method per project, a form of learning through action, and the disciplinary synthesis, which draws on the knowledge of multiple fields.
We are therefore clearly in the sphere of the continuing education of trainers and teachers. Without them, it is impossible to heighten apprentices’ awareness of the entrepreneurial spirit or incite the desire to buy or start up a business. It therefore seems essential in order to achieve the objectives we have fixed ourselves to work on two levels: firstly with the trainers and teachers, and also with the apprentices, the former being the vectors of communication and training of the latter.
Teachers/trainers of students of general subjects (maths, history, native language, etc.)
Level V apprentices (16/18 year olds, who are in the first two years of their work-linked training)
Teachers/trainers of business studies who teach level IV or III apprentices
Level IV or III apprentices (18 years or older, who already have at least 2 years of experience acquired from their work-linked course)
Trainer training centres
Apprentice training centres and/or training providers
It is planned to aim at the target population of apprentices, but given that there are different levels of training, the partnership has chosen to vary its approach depending on the apprentices’ level of knowledge and needs. Therefore, raising the awareness of level V apprentices of the entrepreneurial spirit will involve mainly the notion of a life plan, attitude and inter-personal skills. Effectively, their needs with regard to the entrepreneurial spirit are basic: to develop their self-confidence, motivation, sense of responsibility, resourcefulness, etc.
Level IV and III learners have more specific needs with regard to the entrepreneurial spirit. Beyond the basic notions mentioned above, they tend to need a deeper understanding of how a company is run as they have more professional experience and through their training many of them are required to set up a company. Therefore, their needs are more management-related.
Consequently, the needs of the teachers/trainers who are in permanent contact with these two types of population are not the same: teachers/trainers of general subjects mainly need to be made aware of and receive training on the notion of the entrepreneurial spirit, while the teachers/trainers of business studies require training on role-playing games which integrate the notions of business management.
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