Title WASTE-TRAIN Vocational Training, Education, Conveying Information on up-to-date Waste Management Practices to Decision Makers/Staff involved in Waste Management.
Project Number TR/06/B/F/PP/178066
Project Type Pilot Project, project with multiplying effect (2000-2006)
WASTE TRAIN is a vocational & educational project, providing the tools and instruments to teach the correct & up-to-date waste management systems to the beneficiaries using the most recent techniques of ICT. So, it is an exceptional environmental tool, enabling society at all levels to understand how to manage, treat, recycle and dispose of waste in a sustainable way. The project provides essentially three main educational instruments: the first is a sophisticated, but easy to use, electronic platform enabling distance learning from anywhere in the world with an internet connection.At one end teachers and experts, at the other end, students, local government officials, environmental activists, decision makers, communicating, sharing their experiences & ideas and learning at the same time.Suddenly and easily, a whole new world of learning is opened in front of you in these training tools. To facilitate and assist distance learning, Waste Train has published a Basic Book of Rubbish, a short, concise, easy to understand guide to waste management.And lastly, as an alternative to the Rubbish Book, the project provides a DVD containing all the information in the book as well as thousands of internet links to enable the user to access more detailed and technical information. So from a basic background in waste management, the users can become experts through access to further knowledge and using the internet teaching programme. Who is this project aimed at ? The instruments provided enable access to the system by universities, schools, local government, but even further, by society as a whole. By logging into the MOODLE (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment, and using it as a blended learning system) the beneficiary can access and exchange knowledge with teachers, experts and other students any where in the world.And the products are valid in eight of the following languages, Turkish, Italian, Spanish, English, Polish, German, Slovenian and Greek. This really does enable a widespread and diffuse use of the tools which have taken two years to develop by this team of highly qualified experts participating in the Waste Train project. The available products of the project are
* The Book of Rubbish
* The DVD
* The training courses
The WASTE-TRAIN project developed specific training tools in the field of Modern Solid Waste Management which are based upon the new main principles of European Environmental Policy and European Waste Management Policy. It is a known fact that, solid waste management is a problem all over the world as decision makers working at strategic levels and executives/staff having to deal with wastes in their every-day life can not get enough information & training about what they have to do. So this program is designed for the target group :
• The decision makers at the strategic levels,
• Executives & staff having to deal with solid wastes in their every-day life,
who are working in municipalities and public/governmental organisations.
Solid-Waste Management is very important in Europe and there are no training facilities for this target group.In Modern Solid Waste Management, according to the European Waste Management Policy, a certain hierarchy of measures have to be followed and the core idea of the European Landfill Directive which says that not only certain principles for designing a landfill have to be applied but in parallel the content of putrescible waste , organic stuff that produces leachate and landfill gas has to be controlled/reduced. Solid waste management differs according to the types, quantity and composition of wastes, to the climate of the district & to the sanitary conditions. Combination of climatic status & sanitary status, in certain cases, leads to hygiene problems in form of some waterborne diseases. Developing a successful solid waste management program requires accurate up-to-date information about the community’s waste-profile – what types of wastes are generated, in what quantities and how much of it can realistically be prevented through source reduction and collected for recycling. So, WASTE-TRAIN trains the beneficiaries by the developed modules giving them skills to develop a ‘Solid-Waste Management Concept’ for their individual areas, such as; cities, provinces, villages, districts, quarters, hospitals, large companies, factories & etc. Nearly everything we do leaves behind us some kind of solid-wastes. People create garbages or municipal wastes, consisting mainly of papers, glasses & other materials. Factories create both solid & hazardous wastes. Therefore we have to learn & be trained about how to reduce what we leave behind, where it goes, how waste affects the environment. Waste-Train Group’s aim is to maintain a clean and healthy environment & in order to have a better environment, specific training content & tools are developed in the field of Modern Solid Waste Management & try to teach to Reduce, Reuse and Recycle the Wastes as much as possible.After a satisfactory execution of the application of the project, in a city, in a province or in a big company will result a clean, unpolluted & healthy environment.Recycling prevents the emission of many gases & water pollutants, saves energy, supplies valuable raw materials to industry, conserves resources for the future & reduces the need for new landfills.
In this project, WASTE-TRAIN group worked in perfect and proper coordination for the creation of a clean and healthy environment by vocational training & conveying the information on up-to-date waste-management practices to decision makers, executives, staff working in municipalities/public/governmental organisations.We can state that WASTE-TRAIN Project is innovative as the main principles of European Environmental and Waste Management Policies are fully implemented only in a small number of countries yet, approximately in 10 out of 46 member states of the European Council.And the present project supports the development of these principles and policies all around Europe.
There is a vast need of training all around the European countries in the field of Modern Solid Waste Management which is based upon the main principles of European Environmental Policy and European Waste Management Policy.After a satisfactory application of the project, in a city, in a province or in a big company will result a clean, unpolluted & healthy environment.Solid-wastes are common problems in all European Countries & the laws, policies & instructions are very strict & do not allow the pollution of weather & environment.
Every year more & more solid wastes are generated in the European Union & the volume of wastes generated is increasing each year simultaneously as European society has grown wealthier, so more precautions have to be taken to minimise the quantity of waste produced and to maximise the quantity of waste recycled. Each year in the European Union 1.3 billion tons of solid waste is thrown away – some 40 million tons of it is hazardous. This amounts to about 3.5 tons of solid waste for every man, woman and child, according to European Environment Agency statistics. Add to this total a further 700 million tons of agricultural waste and it is clear that treating and disposing of all this material – without harming the environment – becomes a major headache. Between 1990 and 1995, the amount of waste generated in Europe increased by 10%, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).Most of what we throw away is either burnt in incinerators or dumped into landfill sites (67%). But both these methods create environmental damage. Landfilling not only takes up more & more valuable land space, it also causes air, water and soil pollution, discharging carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4 ) into the atmosphere and chemicals and pesticides into the earth and groundwater. This, in turn, is harmful to human health, as well as to plants and animals .By 2020, the OECD estimates, we could be generating 45% more solid waste than we did in 1995.Obviously we must reverse this trend if we are to avoid being submerged in rubbish.The EU’s Environment Action Programme identifies waste prevention and management as one of the four top priorities & WASTE-TRAIN strongly supports the development of these principles and policies all around Europe.The aim of the Directive is to prevent or – where that is not practicable – to reduce as far as possible negative effects on the environment caused by the incineration and co-incineration of waste. In particular, it should reduce pollution caused by emissions into the air, soil, surface water & groundwater, and thus lessen the risks which these pose to human health. This is to be achieved through stringent operational conditions & technical requirements and by setting up emission limit values for waste incineration and co-incineration plants within the Community. Considerable reductions will be achieved for acid gases such as nitrogen oxides (Nox),sulphur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen chloride (HCl) as well as for heavy metals. Emissions of cadmium throughout the European Union are expected to fall from 16 tons per year in 1995 to around 1 ton in 2005.Over the same period, mercury emissions should fall from an annual 36 tons to around 7 tons.
Open and distance learning
Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities
Information and Communication
material for open learning
open and distance learning
The Book of Rubbish is a perfectly comprehensive handbook on all aspects of waste holding brief information concerning kinds and origin of waste, hazards of inadequate handling, collection systems, treatment options, regulatory and legal frameworks, and waste management concepts.
140 plentiful illustrated pages come in eight languages: English, Spanish, Turkish, Polish, Italian, Greek, Slovenian, and German. The content of the book is transferred to the other digital products (DVD, electronical training courses based on Moodle).
Wastetrain eCourse: An online system for non-formal learning in waste management exploiting blended learning methods and social interaction among participants in multiple languages.
Multilingual training courses in the field of waste management are organized in an e-learning tool and designed for heterogeneous target groups, who have to deal with solid wastes in their every-day life. The Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) platform has been adopted as a flexible environment to organize the didactic resources and supporting appropriate learning activities for the different target users.
The training gives the opportunity to update some basic skills and also provides learning opportunities for professional development through continuous discussions with other practitioners in the same sector. This non-formal learning activity helps to improve the quality of the services provided to the customers.
The structure of the course is based on a modular concept, meaning that the section and units of the course can be used independently, according to the participants’ needs and wishes.
This training is considered as a forerunner to training in the field as it combines technical knowledge with social interaction and learning.
DVD-ROM is multilingual, interactive and allows to enhance the comprehension and involvement in such a complex issue as waste management. The DVD holds the Book of Rubbish in all languages available at present: English, Spanish, Polish, Turkish, Italian, Greek, Slovenian and German Aside the concluding information in the book itself, a link system is provided, easy to operate via “flag bars” at the end of every book chapter: The first flag bar leads to information about the selected country, the second to information in the selected language. On the one hand, it is a tool of speeding up specific data search whereas, on the other hand, those interested in the subject have access at a click’s distance to complementary information and additional visual material, links or presentations.A search engine is also incorporated in the DVD to facilitate the search of “key words”.