Title Application of Apprenticeship in the Vocational Integration of the Socially Disadvantaged Youth
Project Number LLP-LDV-TOI-2013-LT-0125
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Marketing Text Experimental apprenticeship modules - vocational integration of disadvantaged youth based on the innovative solutions and approaches of apprenticeship training.
Socially disadvantaged young people often do not have access to the high quality VET due to their failures in the system of general education and other reasons. These young people present important potential reserves of human capital and their vocational integration is important both from the social and economical point of view. Apprenticeship can become very effective in achieving this goal.
The aim of the project was to develop the sets of instruments of vocational integration of disadvantaged youth based on the innovative solutions and approaches of apprenticeship training.
Social pedagogues, VET teachers and trainers, career counselors working with the socially disadvantaged youth received the instruments which they can directly use in executing apprenticeship training, vocational guidance and counselling of the target group. In short term perspective the usage of these instruments can slightly improve the quality of these processes and attractiveness or apprenticeship to the target group. In long term perspective the developed products will significantly improve the quality and effectiveness of vocational integration of socially disadvantaged youth by improving the skills of the target group and fostering their employment. It will also make the vocational education more attractive and accessible for the socially disadvantaged youth increasing their enrollment in the vocational integration programmes.
Project consortium consisted of 4 VET research and development institutions (Vytautas Magnus University, ITB University of Bremen, University of Valencia, Dekra Akademie), 2 initial VET providers (Centro Nazionale Opere Salesiane, Karalius Mindaugas Vocational Training Centre), 1 provider of the continuing vocational education services representing social partners (Fundacion Laboral del Metal).
Workplan and outcomes of the project:
1. Comparative study of the measures for vocational integration of socially disadvantaged youth in Lithuania, Germany, Spain and Italy.
2. Description of case studies of good practices of vocational integration of disadvantaged youth in Lithuania, Germany, Spain and Italy.
3. Catalogue of the work processes, that are most suitable for vocational integration of socially disadvantaged young people.
4. Set of experimental modules of vocational integration developed on the basis of the identified competences needed for handling the work processes.
Access for disadvantaged
Comparative analysis of the measures and approaches of vocational integration of socially disadvantaged youth:
project partners have identified the priority goals and objectives of the apprenticeship based vocational integration of disadvantaged youth from the point of view of policy makers, employers, social organisations in the partner countries, have analyzed the applied measures of the vocational integration and inclusion, the roles of enterprises, employers' organisations, trade unions and suggested the aspects and features of cases and measures of vocational integration of disadvantaged youth that can serve as objects of learning and know-how transfer in the other partner's countries.
Comparative analysis of the executed case studies with the guidelines and recommendations on the implementation of presented measures of vocational integration:
Referring to the outcomes of the analysis executed in the previous work-package the partners selected the cases for the in-depth analysis (1 case per country) and executed the research of these cases. This research includes comprehensive description of selected cases or measures of apprenticeship based vocational integration of disadvantaged youth by indicating the following aspects: target group of the measure, the problems and challenges of vocational integration that are dealt with the selected measure, methodical approaches, effectiveness of the measure and it's direct and indirect (lateral) effects, potential of the know-how transfer and policy learning for the other countries.
Catalogue of the work processes, that best fit for vocational integration of socially disadvantaged youth:
Comprehensive and functionally interrelated sets of work tasks requiring autonomous (independent) execution of work by applying different combinations of knowledge, skills and competence. Mastering of the work process is considered as an essential precondition for the autonomous acting of the performer of work. For this reason focus on the work processes is very important for the designing and implementation of the vocational integration measures and instruments. The descriptors of defined work processes has been compared and we have prepared the common catalogue of identified work processes.
Set of experimental modules of vocational integration developed on the basis of the identified competences needed for handling the work processes:
Competences has been derived from the identified work processes by using qualitative methods of research and directly involving the experts of the selected work processes, as well as the experts in the pedagogical issues of vocational integration. Very important step is the adaptation of the processes of the provision and acquisition of the competences to the specific needs and requirements of socially disadvantaged youth and here the expertise of the pedagogues and experts of vocational integration has been used. The pedagogic-didactic approach used in the designing of the modules of apprenticeship designed for vocational integration of socially disadvantaged youth is based on the following methodological concepts: work process orientation - the modules are based on the work processes (each module provides competences needed for the handling of the whole work process); holistic integration of provision of general knowledge, vocational know-how, practical skills and personal values in the process of vocational guidance and vocational education and training of disadvantaged youth; competence (learning outcomes) based approach of curriculum design focused to the enabling independent, morally responsible acting and decision making amongst learners; humanistic and emphatic attitude of pedagogic staff to disadvantaged learners leading to the higher commitment of teachers and motivation of learners for their personal and professional development.