Title Pathway from EQAVET to NQAVET
Project Number 538730-LLP-1-2013-1-SE-LEONARDO-LMP
Project Type Development of Innovation
Country EU-Centralised Projects
The project aimed to contribute to the definition and development of quality initiatives in vocational education and training. The objective of making European vocational education and training globally competitive and attractive put teachers, trainers and leaders in vocational education and training in the spotlight. As “ET 2020” emphasizes, “there is a need to ensure high quality teaching, to provide adequate initial teacher education, continuous professional development for teachers and trainers, and to make teaching an attractive career-choice”.
The proposed project aimed to promote the general aim of the Life- Long -Learning program: “to help improve the quality, attractiveness and accessibility of the opportunities for lifelong learning available within Member States. The elaboration of NQAVET guidelines for VET-institutes has promoted and facilitated joint use of the European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for VET”.
The proposed project ”National approach towards EQAVET” addressed one of the major problems regarding elaborated Quality models and methodologies for VET within the framework of LLP-program, namely the difficulty to broaden and make the results national. In most cases the elaborated quality model or approach is confined in a limited number of providers (the project partnership organisations) or at the best case at regional level. Very seldom they find their way to a national level in order to be disseminated and used by a wide range of providers in the countries of project partners. Considering that some of these projects were nominated as best practise by European Union network for “Quality Assurance in Lifelong Learning with a Focus on Vocational Education and Training and Adult Education” QALLL network, they still missed to get approval at national level in EU-countries. According to QALLL, there are about 39 projects, which are recommended as good practises. Looking at all these 39 projects, many find it difficult to mainstream because of lack of inclusion of national authorities and thereby the needed legitimacy.
Since any quality initiative by provider is also used as argument for accountability for efficient management of public funds, the providers’ tend to spend most of its resources on so-called recognised quality certificates like ISO, TQM, Investors in People or likewise.
Given that EU-projects on Quality in VET are addressing an important issue mostly for providers, they fail to get a wider audience among providers since they do not act within a so called legitimate environment. In order to remove this barrier, national agencies had to develop guidelines for QA in VET with reference to EQAVET.
There was a need to find ways of using/spreading the energy and ideas from Leonardo and Grundtvig projects and VET providers directly to regional and national authorities and again back from them to all VET providers – either as inspiration or as a clear recommendation/regulation for the QA at provider level.
The current project piloted and tested ways to disseminate and implement the tool, instruments and ideas developed in many Leonardo and Grundtvig projects in a broader regional and national scale. This has added value directly to the developed projects and has given ways for adding value to the next generations of projects.
The goal of the project was to increase transparency in European VET by enhancing development of National Quality Guidelines/recommendations and approaches for VET (NQAVET) for provider level based on EQAVET
The aims of the project were to:
1. Develop national guidelines/recommendations regarding Quality in VET based on EQAVET in 4 pilot EU countries by national and regional authorities by
a) adapting and/or developing an approach to the EQAVET Recommendation which is fit for purpose and tailored to national needs and requirements, promoting the development of a culture of quality improvement
b) elaborating adequate operational measures to implement the EQAVET recommendation and developing national Quality Assurance Frameworks (NQAF) for VET
2. Elaborate recommendation for VET authorities (national/regional) in other member states based on experiences from above pilots for supporting them in their effort for development of their own national Quality guidelines/recommendation for VET based on EQAVET.
The functionality of elaborated NQAF based on EQAVET and recommendation to other member state:
1. Since the VET responsibility is structured differently in EU-countries, the project consortium consisted of national and regional VET authorities that were responsible for big, medium and small VET providers and experts directly involved and with long experiences in EQAVET-development. The work was focused on research concerning expression of EQAVET within national standards.
2. Based on the above work, the partnership has elaborated a practical manual /recommendation for VET-authorities in other countries regarding
a. Experiences of work procedures to achieve NQAF based on EQAVET
b. Lesson learned (barriers and possible solutions)
Recognition, transparency, certification
transparency and certification
The project outputs are the following:
• National Guidelines/Recommendations NQAF-VET and workshop programme for
National agencies involved in VET/CVET, Policy makers at a local, regional, national and European level, VET-providers, stakeholders
• "THE PATH FROM EQAVET to NQAVET" USB, created with National VET agencies, VET-leadership and teaching staffs views on quality assurance and quality initiatives based on elaborated NQAF and EQAVET-indicators
• Project website that has been used for publishing and sharing information on project progress (published in 4 languages)