Title Perspective Future: One year vocational qualification Hamburg Model (Perspektive Zukunft: Einjährige Berufsqualifizierung)
Project Number DE/13/LLP-LdV/TOI/147613
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
Marketing Text The vocational education has significantly lost its attractiveness; especially in the new EU countries (e.g. Poland, Lithuania, Latvia) the participation in the vocational education with predominantly school-based vocational training has decreased to a terrifying low level. At the same time, the countries of Baltic Sea Region (BSR) experience lack of skilled personnel and very high youth unemployment. The Hamburg model "Annual Professional Qualification" within the dual vocational system integrates every young person in vocational training, improves the quality of the vocational training and at the same time reduces the dropout rates in vocational education and training (VET) sustainably. This model was developed further, adapted to the country-specific needs and transferred to the countries in the BSR.
In individual countries up to 15 % of school leavers cannot begin professional education, they have to stay in long queues or do not obtain professional education and quickly end in unemployment. Up to 30 % of young people which begin vocational training abandon it completely or change the profession. At the same time, SMEs complain about lack of qualified personnel. In the most of the countries of the Baltic Sea Region, there exists a very high rate of unemployment among young people, especially in the countries with school-based vocational training.
The implementation and the strengthening of dual vocational training make a crucial contribution to the problem-solving. In Hamburg within the dual system the model of a one-year professional qualification for young people with special educational needs was developed and successfully implemented; this model integrates young people in to the vocational education better, makes the choice of the profession more certain, decreases drop-out rates and very clearly increases the chances at the labour market. The one-year professional qualification can be acknowledged as the first year of training. The training in the regular dual system can be after the one year continued.
After the further development and adaptation to country-specific conditions the Hamburg Model was introduced in Vilnius and Budapest, where the predominantly school-based vocational training dominates. Thus, in connection the system and experiences of the German dual vocational training were transferred and general initiations supported. In order to promote further implementations of the Hamburg Model and introduction of the dual system, to achieve high sustainability and broad effect, Baltic Sea Academy - network of 17 universities and Hanse-Parlament serve as permanent developers, promoters and consultants.
The main objectives of the project were:
a) Implementation of the Hamburg Model in SMEs to support the integration of young people with special educational needs in the vocational training, to reduce drop-out rates, to improve qualifications as well as chances at the labour market and therefore to reduce unemployment among young people.
b) Transfer of dual vocational training and support of implementation
c) Transfer of all the project results securing high sustainability of the achievements.
Objectives and Results
The existing Hamburg Model, the one-year professional qualification, within the framework of the dual system for the integration of young people was adapted to the conditions in Lithuania and Hungary, where it was piloted, and transferred in the countries with predominantly school-based vocational training. The following objectives and results were set and achieved:
1. During the project lifetime the Hamburg Model was tested by two vocational schools: Vilnius Builder Trainings Center, Lithuania and by Kontiki, Budapest; in Budapest in the professions: bricklayer and tiler, painter/decorator, dry builder and in Vilnius in the specialisation - building insulation. In both countries the piloting phase was a great success.
During the implementation both partners undertook numerous dissemination activities to inform and involve other stakeholders at all levels. The results of this are remarkable. In Hungary, for example, the Hamburg Model and the experience gained in the practical implementation were intensively transferred to other vocational training providers and consulted with them. The consultations with the schools that are interested in the adaptation of the Hamburg Model in the next school year (2015/2016), were quite successful. Two schools have already informed bindingly that they will adapt the Hamburg Model in the next school year. With more schools that are very interested in the discussions continue.
In Lithuania, in the new Labour Code, the draft of which has been proposed lately, apprenticeship (dual training) is recognized as a form of working contract. It can be considered as an essential step in facilitating and formalizing the work-based learning. During project life time, the partners from Lithuania had numerous meetings and consultations with the representatives from the Ministry of Science and Education during which they stressed the importance of this type of learning for Lithuanian VET.
2. Young people who cannot pass vocational training directly after leaving general educational schools enter it due to the methods of Hamburg Model within one year. The targeted figures thereby generally are: a) at least 70 % of participants should start a regular vocational training after one year at the latest; b) max. 30 % of participants should start an organization-supported vocational training with further financing after one year at the latest. These results were achieved and even exceeded in the piloting phase.
3. The one-year professional education to integrate young people in vocational training has the advantage that up to 75 % of the training contents are imparted in a company and only about 25 % in a vocational school. This dual vocational education principle supports young people strongly who especially have difficulties obtaining only theoretical knowledge in a school. The vocational education in dual system demonstrably shows lower unemployment rates of young people who are better integrated in the working life and thus the unemployment among young people is reduced sustainably.
4. Through the intensive interlocking between school and SMEs as well as thanks to the higher part of the practical education the quality of vocational training increased and the needs and qualification requirements of the working world can be better met.
5. The successful implementation of this model improved the integration of young people in Lithuania and Hungary. The need of introduction of the Hamburg Model was recognised in other countries. Partners from Hungary, Latvia and Poland prepared feasibility studies for this. Besides the intensive exchange of experiences actively promoted the ongoing reform processes in the educational policy of the individual participating countries.
Utilization and distribution of results
Recognition, transparency, certification
Administrative and Support Service Activities
Information and Communication
program or curricula
transparency and certification
Products of the project:
- Prepared Hamburg Model "One-year professional qualification" with curriculum and learning materials in German and English
- The system of one-year professional qualification for various countries in German and English
- Flyer for the dual system of annual professional qualification in English, Lithuanian, German and Hungarian
- Concepts for the promotion of dual systems by universities in in English
- Manual "Implementation of the Hamburg Model in the dual System" in English