Title Avoiding Collisions at Sea
Project Number 2013-1-HR1-LEO05-03048
Project Type Transfer of Innovation
A study of the reports reveals that 85% of all accidents are either directly initiated by human error or are associated with human error by means of inappropriate human response (Ziarati, 2006). This is in line with the findings of a recent paper (IMO, 2005) that 80% of accidents at sea are caused by human error. Also the paper by Ziarati (2006) notes that mistakes are usually made not because of deficient or inadequate regulations, but because the regulations and standards that do exist are often ignored.
This is why it is important to regulate the mutual understanding of rules and their application, to identify problems in the application of current collision regulations and to create an online course for seafarers to fully understand and correctly interpret the COLREGs which will, among the other things, be done in this project.
This project has two main aims: one concerns identifying skill gaps and the other refers to identifying problems in the application of current collision regulations (COLREGs, 1972).
This project will be worthwhile for improving the ways of learning rules for avoiding collisions at the sea for students of the Faculty of Maritime studies, as well as for increasing knowledge and understanding of the rules for seafarers within the lifelong learning program.
Main objectives of the project:
- to identify problems in the application of current collision regulations,
- an review of COLREGs (IMO),
- to provide means that all seafarers should have mutual understanding of rules and their application,
- to create an online course for seafarers to fully understand and correctly interpret the COLREGs,
- to enable flexible access to training and qualifications.
Project consortium consists of 6 partners:
- Faculty of Maritime studies, Croatia (applicant organization)
- Centre For Factories Of The Future Limited, UK (co-ordinator)
- Piri Reis University, Turkey
- Spinaker, navtično izobraževanje, d.o.o., Slovenia
- Nicola Vaptsarov Naval Academy, Bulgaria
- Sea Teach S.L, Spain
The ACTs project consortium will work together to develop a solution to the knowledge gaps and deficiencies in the application of COLREGs by seafarers.
Each member of the consortium has expertise in the field and has been assigned responsibilities accordingly in the development of the COLREGs course.
A review of accidents has identified the need for the development of new skills and an urgent review of COLREG. For instance, a case law by MARS and MAIB (UK accident agencies) indicates that many of the basic principles of collision avoidance are improperly applied. It is also a common practice to use VHF Radio in collision avoidance procedures, although such radio communications are not part of the COLREGs (MAIB, 2004).
The IMO MSC (Ziarati, 2006) clearly indicates that the causes of many of the accidents at sea are due to deficiencies in maritime education and training of seafarers or disregard for current standards and regulations. Ziarati (2007) reports that most common accidents and incidents are collisions. The outcome of this latter study has recently been validated by Acar et al (2011).
The partnership on project is composed of major maritime centers in several EU countries, with two partners having been involved in the M’aider and SOS projects; most partners have considerable Leonardo experience. They have been involved in several successful Leonardo maritime and e-learning projects at sectoral level, involving companies, maritime organizations and social partners in VET. The main tangible outcome is an online and novel learning and assessment platform facilitating inclusion of the identified new skills in existing maritime programmes and the correct application of COLREGs, which is expected to lead to a reduction in the number of accidents at sea. The project impact will be substantial as it concerns the training of all navigation cadets and officers/ratings already working in the sector.
A set of Work Packages (WPs) have been developed in line with the projects' aims and objectives that will provide structured guidance in producing the expected results.
WP1. PROJECT MANAGEMENT
The WP1 aims are to manage the overall project in an efficient and effective way, to plan, monitor and ensure the smooth execution of project activities, to establish a Steering Committee, to review the financial regulations carefully and make sure it goes with the agreed plan, to report back to EU/NA on project progress, problems and deviations and to define internal and external evaluators that will assist in the quality assurance procedure.
WP2. IDENTIFICATION OF TRAINING NEEDS
WP2 main objectives are to identify the training needs for each target group, to develop questionnaire(s) to identify the knowledge gaps of target groups and to identify the deficiencies in the correct application of COLREGs, to run workshops in order to validate the results of questionnaires, to produce a report on the training needs of target groups in each partner country, to develop a knowledge base of collision and incidents reports.
WP3. METHODS AND METHODOLOGIES
This WP serves 3 main objectives:
- To identify, adapt and/or develop appropriate methods and methodologies for
the development of training course content, delivery and assessment.
- To identify the interactive pedagogical methods.
- To apply multimedia learning techniques in the development and delivery of training courses.
WP4. DEVELOPMENT OF COURSE CONTENT
This WP serves 5 main objectives:
- To design and develop training contents
- To develop a means of training material delivery
- To develop means of assessing training
- To apply software system for presentation of the learning material
- To discuss compatibility of an e-learning and e-assessment platform
WP5. LEARNING PLATFORM
The aims of this WP is to develop an e-learning platform of the delivery of learning materials for each training module and to develop and deliver an e-assessment platform and learning materials.
Main aim of this WP is to translate the developed and improved content of the full ACTS website and learning platform.
WP7. EVALUATIONS & QUALITY ASSURANCE
This WP serves 4 main objectives:
- To evaluate and improve the e-learning/assessment system developed in WP 4, 5 and 6
- To receive approval from industrial and social partners
- To seek validation from appropriate awarding and professional bodies
- To obtain recognition/endorsement for the course from national and European licensing authorities
The main aims of WP is to disseminate the project results to the target groups and wider audience, to raise awareness among the seafarers, shipping industry, social partners, educational and training providers and to develop dissemination plan.
WP9. EXPLOITATION AND SUSTAINABILITY
WP9 main aims are to develop exploitation and sustainable plan, and to liaise with potential stakeholders/exploiters and investigate possibilities for sustaining project results within the consortium.
Utilization and distribution of results
Open and distance learning
Transportation and Storage
Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities
open and distance learning
material for open learning
Following main products will be developed during project implementation:
1. Delivery plan
2. Quality assurance plan
3. Quarterly Progress reports
4. Interim report
5. Final report
6. Project website
7. Shared Area
8. Extended Knowledge base of accident reports
9. Report on training needs
10.Report on methods and methodologies
11.Actual COLREGs in all partners languages
12. New modular course with learning materials
13. Integrated e-learning and e-assessment platform
14. Full translated ACTs course
15. Full ACTs course after internal review and improvements
16. Full ACTs course after 1st pilot groups and improvements
17. Final of ACTs course after 2nd pilot groups and improvements
18. Accreditation of ACTs course
19. Dissemination plan
20. Project brochure
22. Exploitation and sustainability plan
23. Final conference
24. IPR agreement