Title Learning Outcomes in Quality in Education and Training
Project Number 2012-1-PL1-LEO05-27444
Product State of Affairs regarding Quality Assurance in VET in the project consortium countries.
Title State of Affairs regarding Quality Assurance in VET in the project consortium countries.
Product Type others
Marketing Text This report is the outcome of Work Package 2 of the Learning Outcomes in Quality in Education and Training (Loquet) Project.
This report is the outcome of Work Package 2 of the Learning Outcomes in Quality in Education and Training (Loquet) Project. The purpose of this work package is to:
- outline the “state of affairs” regarding Quality Assurance in VET for each consortium country (Poland, Greece, Cyprus, Sweden, France, Hungary and France), especially with regards to the implementation of relevant EU tools such as EQARF, EQF, ECVET etc.
- present the requirements of EAQRF;
- identify good practices, as well as, the general framework for the position of VET Quality Manager.
This document contains the summary and main conclusions arising from desk and field research data. The main part of this report includes the country reports followed by a general conclusion. Included in the report is also the methodology used for the country comparisons.
quality managers in VET
experts in VET
Having analyzed the findings from the administered questionnaires, it is noted that EQUAVET has been adopted by all consortium countries, even though the degree of adoption varies. It is noted that recently EQUAVET was also adopted by Hungary (at the beginning of 2013) and Poland (at the beginning of 2012).
In the majority of the consortium countries, the national representatives have been set up by the Ministries of Education, or other organizations supervised by these Ministries.
Programmes offered by VET organizations assist students in finding jobs. Although it should be further investigated why thousands of students are forced to abandon VET training programs, it is also noted that 50% of students find a job after the completion of their studies. It is significant that 45% of these students can find jobs matching their professions.
It is therefore safe to state, that the VET programs implemented by VET organizations are directly linked to the labour market, supporting the development of lifelong learning strategies at European and national level.
Provided training simulates the principles of Life Long Learning as the needs of the labour market continuously change and new skills are required. Consequently, the training offered meets labour market requirements, improving access to lifelong learning, to the labour market and to the learning market.
Additionally, the survey results indicate that 38% of teachers and trainers participate in further education, even though it is known that in most countries no initial training or specific professional organizations exist to offer further education.
According to the survey, the majority of VET organizations provide assistance regarding employability. Even though interviewees did not define what kinds of services are offered, it appears that a procedure similar to job counseling is at place.
It is recommended, that a new survey investigates the possibility of job counseling provision by the VET institutions, since they mention that they have the mechanisms in place to identify training needs in the labour market. They also design programmes offering access to VET training to disabled groups.
Moreover, the majority of registered VET providers that participated in this survey work in well-established institutions, where 21-30 teachers-trainers are employed, offering on average five VET programmes. The majority of VET organizations use some sort of quality assurance system, showing a preference for the ISO system.
It is also important to note that the organizations mentioned that they have an allocated budget for staff members’ training, even though the percentage of teachers and trainers continuing with further education varies. According to the survey findings, a big percentage of teachers-trainers only attend training programmes related to Quality Assurance. According to a definition by the CEDEFOP, Quality Assurance in VET is delivered through "activities ensuring that education and training meet the quality requirements expected by stakeholders" (Glossary Quality in education and training, 2011).
Summing up, Quality assurance and VET are at the core of the new strategy proposed by the European Commission namely Rethinking Education. It encourages Member States to take action for reforms in education so that VET becomes a more attractive and a higher quality learning option, providing young people with ways to gain the right skills in order to find appropriate jobs and providing adults with an opportunity to update the skills they will need throughout their working lives.
The importance of high quality education and training as the essential drivers of economic recovery is reflected in the recently published Commission Communication Rethinking Education report, which invites Member States to promote excellence in VET in cooperation with the Social Partners by developing quality-assured VET systems with a strong work-based learning component. These concerns are at the centre of the EQAVET work programme for 2013-2015 which supports Member States in developing responses to the strategic objectives of the Bruges Communiqué and builds and monitors effective quality assurance approaches, deepening and strengthening the culture of quality assurance across the continuum of lifelong learning.
The EQAVET Framework is designed to promote VET by supplying authorities and VET providers with shared tools for the management of quality in VET.
Area of application Further experts investiogations and works on quality management in VET sector
Product Languages English